Angina is a state of the heart where the coronary vessels near the heart get narrowed, making it difficult to provide your heart with enough oxygenated blood. This causes discomfort or pain and uneasiness in the chest and other parts of your body.
Usually, Angina is a symbol of coronary heart disease that’s why angina diagnosis can be a lifesaver for you as it might even prevent you from future heart attacks.
Symptoms of Angina:
- Discomfort or pain in the chest or areas near the chest
- Abdominal pain in women
- Pain in shoulder, neck, jaw, arms, or back
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue or Dizziness
Symptoms of Angina might seem normal, but if you face the symptoms given below quite often then do get yourself checked by a cardiologist near you.
Types of Angina:
Stable Angina is the type of Angina that usually occurs when you usually involve yourself in physical activities such as exercising, running or climbing stairs and is similar to normal chest pains. This type of angina usually goes away after five minutes or as soon as you put your body on rest.
Stable Angina if diagnosed at the right time can be easily cured by angina medication and by adopting healthy lifestyle habits. But if you don’t notice it at the right time, then its severity might increase with time making it harder to cure as well as other symptoms than the ones given above may indicate a heart attack too.
Unstable angina is the type of Angina that occurs even when your body is at rest. It lasts far longer than stable angina like for about 30 minutes and may not go away after taking medicine for angina. And in some cases, it might be a signal of heart attack too. In such cases, it is advisable to seek medical help from nearest heart clinic or hospital
Variant angina is also known as Prinzmetal’s angina also occurs when you are at rest and due to a sudden temporary involuntary muscular contraction in your heart arteries. It is quite a rare and severe than the other types, but it may be cured by angina medication.
Diagnosis of Angina:
Angina diagnosis usually involves a physical examination followed by a blood pressure examination and an electrocardiogram (ECG). The other cardiac or heart check-ups that your doctor might perform for angina diagnosis include CT scans, exercise tolerance tests, blood cholesterol profile, C-reactive protein (CPR) tests or coronary angiography.
Can Angina be cured?
One of the most commonly asked questions about angina is can angina be cured?
And honestly, there is no cure for any coronary heart disease yet but a proper treatment and a healthy lifestyle can help you to make your condition better and helps reduce the risk of a heart attack. So, it is important for you to listen to your cardiologist and follow a strict diet & lifestyle regime to save yourself from any further complications.
If you are someone diagnosed with angina, then you are definitely here to know how to treat angina. The pain in your chest might go away just after a few minutes of rest but this doesn’t mean that your angina is fine.Angina treatment usually involves medication and lifestyle changes and in some cases a surgical intervention too is required.
You must visit a cardiologist to get your heart health assessed through various tests like ECG, ECHO, TMT etc which can help understand the reason for your chest pain. If a blockage of artery is found, then a heart specialist also known as Interventional Cardiologist will help perform an Angiography or Angioplasty to clear the blocks by placing a stent.
Medicine for Angina usually includes Nitroglycerin tablets that are usually advised by your cardiologist to carry around with you as they help in relieving the pain and relaxing the coronary arteries. In severe cases such as that of blood clots, the doctor might even prescribe you blood thinners to help you get rid of blood clots in the arteries.
Along with this, you might have to take medicine for any other disease related to heart diseases such as high blood pressure etc. to reduce the risk of heart attacks.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle is one of the most natural ways to cure angina. A healthy lifestyle will not only help you to keep angina in control, but also keep your blood pressure, cholesterol, and sugar levels in control.
So, here’s how can you cure angina by changing your lifestyle:
- Get rid of bad habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol etc.
- Go for a healthy diet including Omega-3 fats instead of food including trans fats or bad cholesterol.
- Have a regular exercise routine.
- Get your body back in shape.
- Stay away from stress and do yoga or meditation to reduce your stress.
Usually, an angioplasty is done to cure stable angina. In this interventional surgical procedure, a permanent stent is added to widen the problematic area of the artery. In severe cases, doctors may have to replace the damaged artery by performing a coronary artery bypass. A bypass is normally done by a Cardiovascular surgeon whereas Angioplasty is done by an Interventional Cardiologist.
Here’s what to do during an angina attack:
- It’s really important to know what to do during an angina attack as this will help you to save yourself during these medical emergencies:
- Stop doing any kind of activity and just rest.
- Take the prescribed medicine.
- If the pain still doesn’t go away, take another dose of medicine for angina.
- And if the pain still doesn’t go away after the second dose, call an Ambulance immediately as it might be a symbol of a heart attack too.
- Make sure you always have your cardiologist’s number saved on your mobile to be able to immediately call the doctor and ambulance at the time of need.
Keep Your Heart Health in Check. Consult Top Cardiologist in Bangalore – Dr Pavan Rasalkar today. Whatsapp us on +91- 9902147888.